“Both the Military and the People of Shangev-tiev are to blame”. Says Chado Emmanuel

The people of Shangev-tiev deserve justice

“Both the Military and the People of Shangev-tiev are to blame”. Says Chado Emmanuel.

A concerned Shangev-tiev youth, Mr Chado Emmanuel strongly blames the people of Shangev-tiev and condemns the attacck on Shangev-tiev communities by the Nigerian Army in the early hours of today 6th of April 2023.

And the following are his words;

“According to the rumours I heard about the current situation in Shangev-Tiev, I may like to say:

1. I blame the Shangev-Tiev people (Diiv precisely) for allowing what happened to have happened (I am not sure of what they told me. So, I won’t mention
what happened).

2. The armed forces are very very wrong to have acted in the manner they did. There are rules of engagement governing ground conflict.

Some of this rules are:

1. In spite of the challenges posed to the traditional laws of war by modern urban combat, urban warfare is not a lawless situation. IHL (International
Humanitarian Laws) applies to its fullest extent in an urban setting.

2. In the situation that currently obtains, all parties are expected to adhere to the rules of IHL and observe the principles of distinction and proportionality in order to avoid unnecessary damage to the civilian population.
Violations on the part of armed elements do not relieve occupation
forces from respecting the rules of IHL.

3. Under the principle of distinction, civilians should be protected from attack. This protection is subject to one condition — that a civilian does not “take a direct part in hostilities.” A civilian who does take part in direct hostilities becomes a legitimate target
for as long as he or she participates in
the hostilities.

4. The principle of distinction also states that civilian objects (including infrastructure, buildings, equipment, supplies, and so on) should not be
attacked, unless they meet the specific criteria of military objectives.

5. Under the principle of proportionality, the use of military force should be proportionate — i.e., sufficient to destroy a given military objective without resulting in excessive civilian casualties and damages.

Act. 57 of Additional Protocol 1 offers further guidance about the proportionate use of force, in the context of the precautions that an armed force should take before an attack. Under Article 57, those who plan or decide upon an attack shall:

• do everything feasible to verify that the objectives to be attacked are neither civilians nor civilian objects and are not subject to special protection
but are military objectives;

• take all feasible precautions in the choice of means and methods of attack in order to avoid, or minimize, incidental loss of civilian life, injury to
civilians and damage to civilians objects; and

• refrain from deciding to launch any attack on a target which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated.

On what grounds did the military engage hustle target on the civilians?
Did they in any way PID weapons from they civilians whom they where shooting at?

With this, I challenge the well meaning Konshisha Sons/Daughters to act fast in order to stop the killings in the local government area”.



Mkohol Aondona Kenneth is a political science student of Benue State University Makurdi. He is from Konshisha LGA of Benue State,

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